In the 18th Century the Ndzundza Ndebele people of South Africa created their own tradition and style of house painting. These Nguni people are very fierce warriors and large land owners. In the autumn of 1883, the Ndebele people went to war with the neighboring Boer farmers. The loss of the war brought on a harsh life and horrible punishments for the Ndebele. Through those hard times expressive symbols were generated by the suffering people expressing their grief. These symbols were the beginning of the African art known as Ndebele house paintings.